Castum boletum", "Boleto", "Veleta", "Bollita", were the various toponyms with which, over the centuries, the current Nova Siri has been identified. In some ancient documents, Siritide is widely spoken of. A colony founded by refugees from Troy around the eighth century BC. and then conquered by the Greeks of Colofonia in the second half of the 5th century. B.C. The Siritide, which took its name from the river Siri (now Sinni), was a region that stretched from the river Ferro to the left bank of the Basento river, with the capital "Siris". The fertility and industriousness of the inhabitants made Siritide a "pleasant and hospitable" land, so much so as to arouse the envy of the colonies of Sibari and Metaponto which, allied with Crotone, invaded Siritide and destroyed the capital. The survivors sought shelter on the nearby hills by founding a fortified camp (Castrum Boleto). The Basilian monks also left their traces, especially in the castle. In 1872 with a decree of Vittorio Emanuele II, Bollita was changed to Nova Siri. It should be noted that Boleto fell within the Calabrian borders and remained there until 1816 when it was assigned to Basilicata.
In the medieval historic center, located a few kilometers from the sea in a hilly area surrounded by olive groves, vineyards and cultivated fields, we can admire Rione Porticella characterized by narrow and winding alleys and the "lamie", arches intertwined with cross vaults. The Castle (1300) stands on the highest part of the hill from which you can admire the vast and wonderful landscape. Noteworthy is the Mother Church of Santa Maria Assunta (1111). The facade is Baroque, while inside we can admire the high altar in light marble and the eighteenth-century wooden choir. In the historic center you can also visit the eighteenth-century Chapel of the Annunciation with the polychrome wooden statues and a winged Angel. In the oldest part of the historic center there are artistic Noble Palaces. The ruins of the Villa Imperiale are still visible in the locality of Cugno dei Vagni. It is the oldest monument in the territory and was located between the Toccacielo stream and the Pantanello ditch. At the seaside we find Torre Bollita: A cylindrical building built by the viceroy of Naples De Toledo to discourage Turkish raids (1520). In the Rione Sant’Alessio, the Roman basins always full of water are still visible thanks to an ingenious system of siphons. Going up towards the town we can visit the Chapel of Sulla built towards the end of the seventeenth century in honor of the Madonna della Sulla and destination of numerous pilgrimages. The most developed part of the territory is certainly the coastal road. Wide beaches, enchanting and crystalline sea make Nova Siri a very modern and equipped holiday center equipped with every comfort. The promenade, bordered by the pristine green of the pine forest which is accessed through a beautiful pedestrian avenue, offers tourists the opportunity to spend pleasant evenings.
Folklore and ritual come together in religious events to create opportunities to meet. The patron saint is St. Joseph is celebrated on March 19. On this occasion the homemade sandwiches, blessed, are distributed in a sign of protection to persons who suffer or to friends. According to tradition, the housewifes prepare for lunch "noodles and chickpeas." Outside the town, in the place Sulla, in the small country chapel, every second Sunday of May, held the traditional religious ceremony in honor of Madonna della Sulla. Other religious events take place June 13 in Marina di Nova Siri for the Feast of St. Anthony and July 16 for the feast in honor of the Madonna del Carmine. The spirit of hospitality of the citizens is also demonstrated from the many events that are diluted throughout the year. Particularly interesting is the "Siris festival": a container of musical and cultural events. During the event the main is definitely the "Premio Siris”a prestigious award to a character for his efforts in the promotion and enhancement of culture. Other events are the Festival of orecchiette and the fair of April 19 in Marina di Nova Siri. The "Night of the Brigands" is an event included in the Siris Festival. It’s the most beautiful in Basilicata: a cultural container that for over 10 years has seen the participation of thousands of tourists. In August, the Pro Loco organizes the historical-cultural event "La Notte di Aprilla".
The dishes are simple and they make of Nova Siri a must for tourists who flock to the town especially during summer months. The home-made products, especially pasta are the main ingredient in the kitchen. Among the types of pasta, made by the skilled hands of the housewife, the best known and oldest are the strascinati, orecchiette and lasagna. The dough is often filled with pork that is another key element of the local gastronomy. Hams, sausages, capicolli, bacons are real goodness of Basilicata. The typical dish is "Fr'zzu'l cà m'llic" (fusilli with breadcrumbs): pasta made by hand with whole wheat flour, salt, water and eggs processed with a special iron called "u fr 'zzu'l ". Once the cooking, the fusilli are served with meat sauce of goat cheese and homemade. Instead of the cheese you can use the bread crumbs. Among the meat dishes are very tasty "gno'mma'rell" rolls of grilled lamb intestines. Vegetables such as peppers, tomatoes and potatoes are blended into a dish called "a trapp'tar" which formerly was consumed on days when the farmers went to the mill for pressing olives. Another specialty is "falagone" calzone stuffed with potatoes or cheese or vegetables.
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